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Majestic Mt. Apo - King of Philippine Mountains [Mindanao Featured Hiking & Ecotourism Destination]

Mindanao’s majestic Mt. Apo!  “Mt. Apo, [being the “King of Philippine Mountains” itself] is also a colony of the flora and fauna royalties- the King of Birds- the Philippine Eagle and the Queen of Orchids- the Waling-waling.” - From the words of DENR XI’s OIC-RED Atty. Ma. Mercedes Dumagan:

Here’s the full length opening video for the Mt. Apo courtesy of the DENR-Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB), narrated by RED Dumagan.






Video Source:

From DENR Davao - official Facebook Page of the Regional Public Affairs Office of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Region XI (Davao Region). This serves as an information hub of the Department


Within the country’s highest point are forest formations that shelters rare, century-olds and are vulnerable to critically endangered- anything but diverse lifeforms.

The lower montane is where the dipterocarps usually pullulate but its length become scarce as the elevation increases. This part of the mountain likewise supports the mountain’s numerous bird species particularly the Philippine Eagle and some others which are only known from limited high mountains in Mindanao. 

But the higher one gets, the more Mt. Apo reveals its majesty.

Trekkers are enthralled with the mountain’s upper montane, the spot where the clouds linger- the “mossy forest”. It is a damp jungle packed with dwarfed trees and some thickset century-old ones. It is surrounded by a carpet of mosses, also wrapping the trees’ trunks and branches.  

This forest’s formation is composed of a diverse community of mosses and ferns and some dominant emergent trees like that of Almaciga and Tinikaran among others.  

The mossy jungle’s damp climate condition is caused by the its high elevation and thinner air. It is acclaimed by the climbers as the most wondrous and mystical part of Mt. Apo.

Apart from providing the so-called “nature therapy” to humans, Mt. Apo’s vast forest is also home to numerous wildlife including the Philippine Eagle. Thus, the conservation efforts for this mountain remains sturdy and is constantly reinforced.


Mt. Apo Natural Park or MANP falls under the geographic jurisdiction of the Municipalities of Bansalan, Digos, and Sta. Cruz in Region XI and the Municipalities of Makilala, Kidapawan, and Magpet in Region XII.  

Mt. Apo is the highest mountain in the country and its name (Apo) means “grandfather of all mountains”.

Under the Republic Act No. 9237 series of 2003 or the Mt. Apo Protected Area Act, the administration and management of the natural park is exercised by the Protected Area Management Board of PAMB which is being chaired by the Regional Executive Director of DENR.  This Board promulgates the rules and regulations to promote biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in the natural park as Mt. Apo is home to various wildlife species, both flora, and fauna, like the queen of the Philippine orchids, Waling-waling, and the iconic Philippine Eagle.

Because of its rich biodiversity and impressive landscapes, Mt. Apo is one of the country’s favorite destinations of mountain climbers and nature lovers.  In 1982, MANP landed in the United Nations List of National Parks and Equivalent Reservations and became one of the 10 ASEAN Heritage Sites in 1984.

Mount Apo, also known locally as Apo Sandawa, is a large solfataric, dormant stratovolcano on the island of Mindanao, Philippines. With an elevation of 2,954 meters (9,692 ft) above sea level, it is the highest mountain in the Philippine Archipelago and is located between Davao City and Davao del Sur province in Region XI and Cotabato in Region XII. The peak overlooks Davao City 45 kilometers (28 mi) to the northeast, Digos 25 kilometers (16 mi) to the southeast, and Kidapawan 20 kilometers (12 mi) to the west. Mount Apo is a protected area and a Natural Park of the Philippines.

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